Frederick Judd Waugh
Born in 1861 in Bordentown, New Jersey, Frederick Judd Waugh was raised by an artistic family. His father, Samuel Bell Waugh, was a successful portrait and landscape painter. His mother, Eliza Young Waugh, was a miniaturist. From 1880 to 1883, Waugh studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts under Thomas Eakins and Thomas Anshutz. He then went abroad and studied with Adolphe William Bougereau and Tony Robert-Fluery at the Académie Julien in Paris.
Waugh's early work consisted of figurative compositions that were conventional and decorative in style. He first began painting the sea while in England, and it soon became his primary subject. Waugh remained in Europe until 1907, when he returned to the United States and settled in Provincetown, Massachusetts. He exhibited extensively in the Paris Salons prior to exhibiting throughout the United States. Waugh is known for his majestic seascapes, which depict the powerful movement of the sea as the waves crash into one another.